Functional rhinoplasty is one of the many several different types of rhinoplasty. The main and primary purpose why functional rhinoplasty will be performed is to reconstruct the anatomical structure of the nose to improve nasal breathing. Functional rhinoplasty is not done with a cosmetic purpose but for health purposes. Not all people are candidates to undergo functional rhinoplasty. Functional rhinoplasty will be indicated if the patient has difficulties in breathing through the nose due to nasal blockage or obstruction, caused by abnormalities in the anatomical structures of the nose or trauma to the nose.
Indications for Functional Rhinoplasty
As mentioned above, not all people are candidates for functional rhinoplasty. Functional rhinoplasty is done to help in restoring proper function of the nose in terms of nasal breathing. There are several different cases that can alter or affect a person’s nasal breathing. Here are some cases or situations that can be an indication for a functional rhinoplasty:
- Deviated septum – a condition in which there is a slight or severe deviation of the nasal septum. The nasal septum is the thin cartilage separating the left nostril from the right nostril equally. If the nasal septum is deviated, one of the nostril is bigger while the other nostril is narrower, which can cause difficulties in breathing.
- Hypertrophy of the Nasal Turbinates
- External Nasal Valve Collapse
- Internal Nasal Valve Collapse
- Vestibular Stenosis
- Septal Perforation
What is External Nasal Valve Collapse?
External nasal valve collapse is usually overlooked cause of nasal breathing obstruction. One of the most common causes for an external nasal valve collapse is trauma to the nose. There is one identifying factor for an external nasal valve collapse is when a person with a external nasal valve collapse inhales or breathes in air, the nose collapses inwards. Aside from the nose collapsing inwards during inhalation, external nasal valve collapse can also cause the tip of the nose to look larger, when in fact, the tip of the nose’s size is just normal.
Functional Rhinoplasty and External Nasal Valve Collapse
Functional rhinoplasty can be done to help in improving and preventing further aggravation of the nasal valve collapse. During functional rhinoplasty, a cartilage graft may be placed in the weakest area of the external valve to prevent the external nasal valve from collapsing again. And if the patient also has a deviated septum and inferior turbinate hypertrophy, it can possibly contribute to the external nasal valve collapse.