Symptoms, Diagnosis of a Deviated Septum

Ever wondered what is a Deviated Nasal Septum?

The nasal septum is the central partition of the nose; it is made up of a rubbery substance known as the cartilage, along with the bone. Although the septum is never placed exactly in the middle, in most people it is straight and even if a slight deviation exists, it cannot be noticed by the naked eye.  However in certain rare cases, the septum is bent or deviated in some way or the other. Such a deviation can be mild or it may completely block off one nostril.

DeviatedSeptum at an skeleton level

DeviatedSeptum at an skeleton level

There are two types of deviations present in the septum. In the first, the lower end of the septum becomes dislocated. In the second type, the septum becomes deformed in a S shape or bow shape. This type of blockage can cause either partial or complete blockage of both nostrils.

Cause of the Deviated Septum:

From current known knowledge, the deviated septum is known to be caused by:

  • Trauma to the face from accidents etc.
  • Due to compression of the nose at child birth.
  • Genetic disorders of the connective tissue.
  • Unknown Reasons: At times the reason behind the deviated septum cannot be found.

 The Various Symptoms:

The different symptoms which most people face are:

  • Partial or Complete blockage of the nostrils.
  • Recurring Sinus Infections: This occurs because the deviated septum prevents the drainage of catarrh from the sinuses.
  • Ear Infections: Due to the same reason, the ear infections or glue ear can also be present.
  • Nose Bleeds.

Diagnosis:

If you notice any of the above symptoms, especially the recurring sinus infection or the nose bleeds, contact an ear, throat, nose specialist. The specialist will diagnose the deviated septum if present by observing the nasal passage, he or she will look for any inequalities in the size of each nostril. If present, further treatment will be prescribed.