When people reach teenage years, that is the time when sinuses are fully developed. Children’s sinuses are not fully developed, making sinusitis difficult to diagnose and another thing, sinusitis can be caused by a lot of different factors, such as bacterial infection, viral infection, or even allergic reactions. Just as mentioned, sinuses namely the maxillary sinuses (located underneath the cheeks) and the ethmoid sinuses (located between the eyes) are already present as early as childbirth.
How to Know Pediatric Sinusitis
Just like in adults, sinusitis in children have somehow similar symptoms. Symptoms of pediatric sinusitis may include but not limited to:
- Colds – not all people or children who have colds are already suffering from sinusitis. If the colds of your child persists longer than 10 days to 14 days, then your child may probably be suffering from sinusitis.
- Fever – Not all sinusitis can be associated with fever. However, fever, specifically low-grade fever can accompany sinusitis. If your child has colds for longer than 10 days to 14 days and with a low-grade fever, then most likely your child is infected with sinusitis.
- Mucus – yellowish to greenish discharge from the nose. Depending on the causative factor of the infection, bacterial or viral, the color of the mucus will greatly vary.
- Post Nasal Drip – in post nasal drip, children will usually complain that their throats are sore, they always cough, halitosis, and sometimes, post nasal drip can cause children to get nauseated that can lead to vomiting.
- Headache – fever in sinusitis is commonly accompanied with headache, especially in children ageing 6 years old and older.
- Irritability – since children suffering from sinusitis are not comfortable with their current physical condition, they will be very irritable in such way that they will always cry and children will have a decrease in appetite.
- Eye puffiness – due to the accumulation of mucus inside the sinuses (usually maxillary), there will be an apparent swelling around the eyes.
Can Sinusitis be Prevented?
Sinusitis can commonly affect children, especially during the first several years of life. However, there are ways that can be done to reduce the risk for children to develop sinusitis. Commonly, sinusitis in children is caused by viral infections and will be aggravated by allergic reactions. Doing ways to reduce exposure of your child to his or her known allergies and pollutants an really be helpful in the recovery of your child and even in the prevention of the development of sinusitis.