Deviated Septum :
The shape of the nasal cavity is very important for both cosmetic and medical reasons. The nasal septum is the wall which divides the nasal cavity into its two halves, thus providing its shape. It is made up of a central supporting skeleton which is covered on both sides by a mucous membrane. The front portion of this is firm and bendable since it is made up of cartilage and skin.
The ideal nasal septum is exactly midline, which simply means that the left and right halves of the nose are divided equally in terms of size and shape. Although most nasal septums are not perfectly midline, they are generally not noticed. A “Deviated Septum” occurs when the septum is shifted by a large distance from the midline.
Symptoms and Subsequent Problems:
The most common symptom which is faced by people with a deviated septum is difficulty in breathing through one part of the nose. This may also occur on the side opposite to the septum bend. In other cases the septum will interfere with the drainage of the sinuses, thus resulting in repeated sinus infections. Other major symptoms are:
- Congestion of the Nasal Passageway, either in one or in both sides.
- Blockage of the nostril itself.
- Increased frequency of nosebleeds.
- Increased rate of sinus infection.
- Headaches, pain in the face.
- Sleep Apnea.
Diagnosis of a Deviated Septum:
If you notice any of the above symptoms in large numbers, then a visit to an ear, nose, and throat specialist is a must. The trained doctor will easily be able to pinpoint the cause of the obstruction, sinus and its subsequent treatment.
The 1st Visit:
After discussing the symptoms which are presented in you, the doctor will ask question to find out if any trauma has been incurred to your nose, any previous nasal surgery. This is followed by a physical examination of the nose, its appearance and position of the nasal septum will be noted. Surgery will be recommended based on the examination, the presence of nosebleeds, recurring sinus infections.
Septoplasty is the surgical treatment which is preferred by doctors worldwide to correct a deviated septum. The surgery is done entirely through the nostrils, thus no external bruising occurs. During the surgery the portion of the septum which are extremely deviated will be re-adjusted or realigned or removed completely. Additionally a Rhinoplasty may be combined with the septoplasty to completely change the shape of the nose. This surgery is not done on minors, since the nasal septum grows till the age of 18.
The surgery will offer relief from the various symptoms such as nosebleeds, sinus infection. Thus you will finally be able to sleep peacefully and live without any pain or annoying infections.