Rhinoplasty has 2 different purposes, for cosmetic purposes and for functional purposes. In functional rhinoplasty, rhinoplasty is done to help the patient breathe better. There are some cases of functional rhinoplasty that do not involve changing the shape and appearance of the external area of the nose. Functional rhinoplasty may only require doing some changes in the internal structures of the nose to help the patient breathe better.
Functional Rhinoplasty due to Nasal Obstruction
One of the most common reasons why a patient undergoes functional rhinoplasty is due to nasal obstruction. Nasal obstruction is considered to be a subjective sensation that will not always mean nose anatomical problems. In other words, there are some people who do not have severe cases of deviated septum, but still complain severe difficulties in breathing, while others with severe cases of deviated septum do not complain as much. People who complain of breathing difficulties due to nasal obstruction will be taken into consideration to undergo functional rhinoplasty, to improve their abilities in nasal breathing.
Indications for Functional Rhinoplasty
Here are some indications of patients to be a perfect candidate for functional rhinoplasty:
- Trauma or injury to the nasal tissues, which causes breathing difficulties.
- Nasal birth defect
- Acquired nasal deformity from an infection, face blow, tumor, and many more.
- Narrowing of the nasal valves
- Nasal valve collapse or stenosis
- Nasal breathing obstruction
Deviated Septum and Functional Rhinoplasty
Deviated septum is a medical condition in which the nasal septum (cartilage equally separating the right nostril from the left nostril) is slightly or severely deviated to one side. Deviated septum can severely obstruct one nostril, making it quite impossible for the person to breathe through that nose. There is a surgical procedure specifically for deviated septum, known as septoplasty. However, in septoplasty, the nasal septum deformities are only corrected. Most of the time, septoplasty is done together with functional rhinoplasty (septorhinoplasty). Functional rhinoplasty will help in repairing the nasal valves, which are the internal portions of the nose, and septoplasty will focus in repairing the deformed nasal cartilages and nasal bones to correct the deviated septum problem.
Benefits of Functional Rhinoplasty
The primary benefit of functional rhinoplasty is for the improvement of breathing throught the nose. Aside from functional benefits, this type of rhinoplasty can also cause the nose to look straighter, repair any deformities brought about traumatic injuries, thus making the nose get a better appearance.