What is a Deviated Nasal Septum?
A deviated septum is a medical condition which is quite common. People who suffer from the condition tend to have septum’s which are deviated from the central midline. Most of the people who have a deviated septum have no side effects since the deviation is usually not severe. In some cases when the septum is abnormally deviated, it causes side effects such as:
- Recurring nose bleeds
- Recurring sinus infection
Tests to Diagnose a Deviated Septum
When you first visit a doctor, if you complain of the above symptoms, your doctor will take a note of them. If he or she suspects a deviated septum, a physical exam will be done to check if a deviation exists along the mid shift. Usually a nasal speculum and a bright light will be used by the doctor to examine your nose. Under the light, it will clearly be seen if your nasal septum is severely deviated or not. He or she will also be able to determine how serious the condition is and if further treatment is required. If the doctor requires additional treatment, then you will be referred to an ENT (Ear Nose Throat) specialist for further treatment.
Prevention of a Deviated Nasal Septum
This condition can occur due to a plethora of reasons such as:
- Birth defects
- Trauma to the nose
- Un-known reasons
Of all the above causes, only accidents and trauma to the nose can be prevented. All others can occur at any time and preventive measures cannot be taken for them.
To lower your chances of obtaining a deviated nasal septum due to accidents and trauma:
- Always wear a helmet while playing contact sports such as football, base ball etc.
- Remember to use your seat belt while driving.
The above two precautions if taken, will lower your chances of obtaining a deviated septum drastically since they are the most common causes.