Sinusitis, without regards to what type of sinusitis it is, the medical condition is very common that affects more than 37 million people in the United States per year and it even costs around $5.7 billion. Despite how common sinusitis is, there are still plenty of people who misunderstood and do not know how to properly manage the problem. As a matter of fact, many people who are suffering from sinusitis think that they are suffering from another medical condition and treat it with improper treatments that are not likely to help in treating and improving their symptoms.
What is Sinusitis?
Sinusitis is a medical condition wherein there is an inflammation and swelling of the tissues lining the sinuses. Without inflammation and swelling, sinuses are filled with air. But in sinusitis, sinuses are blocked and filled with fluid and bacteria, viruses, or fungi that can be a great medium for starting an infection.
What Causes Sinusitis?
As mentioned above, when sinuses are blocked and filled with fluid and germs, it can be a very great start for the development of infection. There are some conditions that can be a causative factor for a sinus blockage, thus leading to the development of sinusitis infection. These conditions include and are not limited to
- Common Colds
- Allergic Rhinitis – allergic reaction
- Nasal Polyps – small or tiny growths in the lining of the nose
- Deviated Septum – deviation or misalignment of the nasal septum
4 Types of Sinusitis
There are 4 different types of sinusitis, depending on how long the sinusitis lasts or persists. These 4 different types of sinusitis are:
- Acute Sinusitis – This type of sinusitis is a sudden onset of cold like symptoms. Cold like symptoms include runny nose, stuffy nose, and facial pain. Usually, acute sinusitis goes away on its own without treatment. Treatments can be used to help in relieving symptoms. Acute sinusitis lasts for no longer than 4 weeks.
- Subacute Sinusitis – This type of sinusitis is just similar with acute sinusitis, but the subacute sinusitis lasts for 4 weeks to 8 weeks.
- Chronic Sinusitis – This type of sinusitis may be challenging to treat. Chronic sinusitis lasts for 8 weeks or more. Chronic sinusitis may need pharmacological treatments or even surgical treatments.
- Recurrent Sinusitis – In recurrent sinusitis, the infection comes and goes for several times in a given year. Recurrent sinusitis may be treated by various treatment modalities, but most commonly treated with pharmacological treatments.