Acute sinusitis is the inflammation of the air filled spaces inside the cheekbones and forehead, known as the sinuses. Normally, the sinuses produce small amounts of mucus that drains through small channels in the nose, but in sinusitis, there will be accumulation of mucus within the sinuses, since one of the most common symptoms of acute sinusitis is nasal blockage. Acute sinusitis and other types of sinusitis will commonly be painful and uncomfortable. In acute sinusitis, the infection develops fast, usually in just a couple of days and persists for a short period of time, not longer than 4 weeks.
Acute Sinusitis Diagnosis
To diagnose acute sinusitis, laboratory works and other diagnostic tests will not always be needed. However, there are some doctors who will order for a series of blood exams, x-rays, and other diagnostics exam to have a better picture of the patient’s present medical condition. By just telling or describing your symptoms and when for how long has the symptoms persisted, your doctor can usually make the diagnosis acute sinusitis. And most of the time, the doctor will examine the lining of your nose to see if it is swollen.
Acute Sinusitis Treatments
Treatments for acute sinusitis are not always needed since the causative factor for the infection is most of the time viral infection. Acute sinusitis that is a viral infection can get better on its own and even if the infection is bacterial, the person’s immune system can usually help in clearing out the bacterial infection. If treatments will be needed, it will only help in managing symptoms.
- Antibacterial Medications – antibiotics are given to those patients with a bacterial infection. Taking antibacterial medications is useless when the cause of the infection is viral. Antibiotics should only be taken under the supervision of your doctor, since it can cause side effects, especially when the entire course of the treatment is not completed.
- Decongestants – decongestants are used to help in relieving nose congestion. Most decongestants are over-the-counter that is available in different preparations, including nasal spray, nasal drops, or even tablets. Decongestants should not be used or taken for longer than 1 week for it not to cause worse rebound nasal congestion.
- Painkillers – as mentioned above, acute sinusitis can be painful and uncomfortable. Painkillers are used to ease pain and it can also help in treating fever if there is any.
- Warm face packs – placing warm face packs over inflamed sinuses can help in the drainage of mucus and it can also help in easing pain. Always remember that warm face packs should only be warm and not HOT. Make sure that the face pack you are going to use will not irritate your skin or worse, burn your skin.