There are several different types of sinusitis in terms of the causative factors, namely bacterial sinusitis, viral sinusitis, and fungal sinusitis. All three different types of sinusitis have somewhat similar symptoms, but symptoms and the danger possessed by fungal sinusitis are much more dangerous than either bacterial sinusitis or viral sinusitis. The diagnosis of fungal sinusitis is extremely important to prevent further complication which can lead to fatality.
What is Fungal Sinusitis?
Fungal sinusitis is the least common type of sinusitis among the three (bacterial and viral). Fungal sinusitis is a type of sinusitis is that is commonly caused by an allergen from the surroundings or from the environment. Most of the time, fungal sinusitis possesses the same symptoms of bacterial sinusitis.
General Symptoms of Fungal Sinusitis
Just as mentioned above, symptoms of fungal sinusitis are somewhat similar with the symptoms of bacterial sinusitis. The common symptoms of sinusitis in general are mucus, stuffy nose, headache, facial tenderness, sore throat, ear pressure, post nasal drip, and fever. For fungal sinusitis, swelling of the face and increased pain may also be apparent, just like in bacterial sinusitis.
How to Diagnose Fungal Sinusitis
Even though most people do not know what the differences between ordinary colds with sinusitis are, the duration of how long the symptoms persist can be a good indicated whether you are already suffering from an infection of your sinuses, known as sinusitis. There are several different ways on how to get a clear diagnosis of sinusitis. One of the simplest ways on how to diagnose sinusitis is through interview. The physician will ask the patient about his or her symptoms and how for how long together with a visual examination of the patient’s nasal passages. Doing so can give the physician clear information and details about the patient’s present medical condition.
Imaging Diagnostic Examinations
If discussing about the symptoms and visually examining the nasal passages and tissues of the nose are not enough in making a clear diagnosis of sinusitis, the physician may order diagnostic exams that can give a clearer picture of the internal structures of the nose, such as Computed Tomography Scan or CT scan. Aside from ordering a CT scan, the physical can possibly obtain a sample of the patient’s mucus secretion to check for bacterial or fungal infection. There are also times that the physician may order a biopsy of the nasal membrane to make sure that the symptoms experienced by the patient are not related to something cancerous.