Sinusitis, an infection and inflammation in the sinuses has become very common during the past decades. Fungal sinusitis is one of the many different types of sinusitis and it even has its own subtypes. There are actually 4 general subtypes of fungal sinusitis according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology namely Allergic Fungal Sinusitis or AFS, Chronic Indolent Sinusitis, Fulminant Sinusitis, and Mycetoma Fungal Sinusitis. There are several different types of treatments for fungal sinusitis, depending on the type of fungal sinusitis and depending on the patient’s present medical condition.
Treatments for Fungal Sinusitis
As mentioned above, there are several different types of treatments for fungal sinusitis. Some treatments only provide temporary relief but some treatment provide total cure from the fungal infection. Here are some of the treatments that can be beneficial in treating fungal sinusitis.
- Endoscopic Surgery – in an endoscopic surgery for fungal sinusitis, a thin, flexible lighted tube is inserted through the nose and into the sinuses to remove the fungus ball or fungus growth. Fungus growth in fungal sinusitis means there is a growth of fungus in the sinuses and the surrounding bone. Endoscopic surgery in fungal sinusitis can cure the infection completely, but for allergic fungal sinusitis, it may require more than 1 endoscopic surgical procedure and may need a life-long treatment.
- Topical Nasal Steroids – Applying topical nasal steroids directly to the nose or even other nasal steroid preparations, such as nasal steroid spray, can help in effectively reducing the inflammation caused by the fungal infection. Reduction of inflammation can help in a more efficient drainage and the use of nasal steroids can help in reducing the chance for the fungal infection to persist.
- Antifungal Medications – antifungal medications are effective in treating fungal infections. Antifungal medications are considered to be the drug of choice for fungal sinusitis.
- Antibacterial Medications – Even though antibiotics do not have any effects to fungal sinusitis, antibiotics are used in adjunct to surgical procedures to prevent the development of bacterial infection. The use of antibiotics for fungal sinusitis is controversial.
Dangers of Fungal Sinusitis
If left untreated, fungal sinusitis can be life threatening or fatal. Prompt and right treatment for any fungal infection, not just fungal sinusitis should be taken very seriously. People who have compromised or low immune systems are more prone in developing fungal sinusitis, but fungal sinusitis can also develop in people who have high immune systems.