Fungal sinusitis is a different form of sinusitis that is caused by a fungi infection. Fungal sinusitis can come in different forms or different kinds of fungal sinusitis. These different forms of fungal sinusitis are fungus balls, allergic fungal sinusitis, and invasive fungal sinusitis. Exact treatment modalities will surely depend on the exact type or form of fungal sinusitis. However, there are medications that will be very useful in treating fungal infections. The drug of choice for any fungal infection is antifungal medications.
Antifungal Medication: Amphotericin B
For severe invasive fungal sinusitis, Amphotericin B is commonly used. Amphotericin B is usually administered intravenously for increased effectivitiy. This type of antifungal medication works by binding to the cell membrane of the fungus, thus causing leakage of cell membrane and soon will be causing cell death. However, there are some people who will develop side effects when taking Amphotericin B. Side effects of amphotericin B include but not limited to chills, fever, tachypnea or fast breathing, and headeache. Amphotericin B can cause serious side effects, thus it should only be used and taken under the supervision of a medical doctor and if the patient is suffering from potentially fatal invasive fungal sinusitis and other severe fungal infections.
Antifungal Medication: Voriconazole
Voriconazole is a type of antifungal medication under the triazoles family. The triazoles is a type of antifungal medication that treats fungal infections that are primarily caused by Aspergilla and Candida species. How the Voriconazole works by delaying the growth of the fungus. Unlike the Amphotericin B that is usually given intravenously, Voriconazole can be given either orally or intravenously, depending on the current health status and infection of the patient. Side effects of Voriconazole include but not limited to diarrhea, dizziness, changes in the patient’s vision, and vomiting.
Antifungal Medication: Itraconazole
Just like the variconazole, itraconazole is a medication under the triazoles family. The itraconazole medication commonly comes in the form of tablets and suspension. Itraconazole is commonly used to treat fungal infections in the respiratory tract. The whole course of the itraconazole is commonly 2 weeks to 8 weeks and should be taken with a full stomach. Patients who have any history of heart disease should carefully consider in taking itraconazole and should inform the medical doctor, since itraconazole can possibly cause congestive heart failure. Side effects of itraconazole include but not limited to muscle pain, headache, fever, upset stomach , and dizziness.