Deviated septum is a medical condition that is characterized with a nasal septum deviation. Ideally, both left and right nostrils are equally separated by the nasal septum (thin cartilage that is centrally located in the nose). However, in cases of deviated septum, one nostril is smaller than the other nostril, due to the deviation of the nasal septum to one side. If the deviated septum is severe, it can cause breathing problems and other symptoms, such as nosebleeds, recurrent nasal infection, ear infections, facial tenderness, headaches, and nasal congestion. The most effective treatment considered for deviated septum septoplasty or deviated septum surgery.
Deviated Septum Surgery or Septoplasty
Septoplasty involves surgically correcting the nasal septum deviation by removing excess bone and/or cartilage from the nasal septum and reforming the nasal wall. Deviated septum surgery can possibly lead to complications.
Deviated Septum Surgery Complication: Septal Perforation
During the deviated septum surgery, the doctor can accidentally perforate the patient’s nasal septum. In septal perforation, there will be a hole within the nasal septum that can cause abnormal whistling sound as the patient inhales and exhales. If the septal perforation is not large enough, there will be no changes in the physical appearance of the nose, but if the septal perforation is large, there will be changes in the physical appearance of the nose.
Deviated Septum Surgery Complication: Numbness
Post-surgery, it is normal for patients to feel numbness in the nose and around the nose. However, if the numbness persists, you should consult your doctor right away. Areas of numbness that are common after deviated septum surgery includes: tip of the nose, cheeks, upper lips, and/or upper front teeth area.
Deviated Septum Surgery Complication: Septal Hematoma
Septal hematoma is characterized by accumulation of fluid within the nose due to the continuous bleeding post-surgery. In order to prevent further complications, the accumulated fluid must be drained.
Deviated Septum Surgery Complication: Bruising, Tenderness, and Swelling
Bruising in the nose and around the eyes are normal after deviated septum surgery. Usually, after a few weeks, bruising, swelling, and tenderness will slowly resolve by itself.
Deviated Septum Surgery Complication: Scarring
Since your skin in the nose went under a surgical procedure, it is most likely for your skin to develop scar tissues. However, if scar tissues develop within your nose, it can cause nasal blockage that can interfere with your breathing. Once this happens, you may be recommended to undergo another surgical procedure to remove developed scar tissues.
Deviated Septum Surgery Complication: Loss of Smell
This type of complication from deviated septum surgery is quite rare. However, if you notice that you have changes in your sense of smell post deviated septum surgery, talk to your doctor immediately.