Sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinus, usually in the maxillary sinuses or the sinuses located in the cheekbone. Sinuses are the air-filled spaces found within the cheekbone and the forehead that will normally produce little amounts of mucus that drains through small channels into the nose. The most common cause for sinusitis is infection, either bacterial infection or viral infection. Viral infection can first cause the sinusitis and sometimes through the viral sinusitis, bacteria can enter the picture, thus making the infection or sinusitis longer to get better and harder to treat.
Acute sinusitis is a type of sinusitis that lasts for 4 days and will not stay longer than 4 weeks. Most cases of acute sinusitis are viral, which does need to be treated since it can go away on its own. If medications are taken and other treatments are done, it is to help in managing and easing the symptoms of acute sinusitis. Development of complications like developing into chronic sinusitis or spreading the infection to nearby structures from acute sinusitis is not very common but can happen.
Acute Sinusitis Symptoms
Not all people suffering from acute sinusitis experience the same set of acute sinusitis symptoms. However, there are quite a number of symptoms. Here are some symptoms of acute sinusitis that common occur:
- Pain and tenderness over the affected sinus. If the maxillary sinuses are affected with sinusitis, the cheek area will be tender and painful to touch or even when chewing. The pain is usually throbbing and will get worse when the head is bent forward.
- Nasal Blockage. One sided nostril blockage or both nostrils are blocked. In nasal blockage, breathing through the nose will seem to be impossible and your sense of smell and sense of taste will be temporarily be diminished or even totally gone.
- Runny nose. Depending on the color of the mucus discharge from the nose, one can tell what might have caused the sinusitis infection. If the mucus discharge is greenish or yellowish, it can indicate bacterial infection. The greenish or yellowish color can possibly caused by pus from the sinuses. If the mucus can dry up before it can come out from the nose, it can cause further nasal blockage, thus worsening the pain and tenderness felt over the sinuses.
- Hyperthermia or Fever – Infections usually cause fever. If a person will develop fever, he or she will feel unwell. Fever can be managed by taking paracetamol.